Adult Neuropsychological Evaluations

The best care

How can a neuropsychological evaluation help?


Depending on the referral question, a neuropsychological evaluation may:

  • Confirm or clarify a diagnosis.

  • Generate a profile of strengths and weaknesses to guide educational, rehabilitation, or vocational interventions, or other treatments.

  • Help patients and their families to understand the difficulties that brought them to seek the evaluation. Treatment options and compensatory strategies are targeted to improve functioning and help patients and families achieve the best possible outcomes.

  • A neuropsychological evaluation can be very effective in the documentation of the effects of treatment on specific deficits over time. Comparisons made between evaluations can also help to clarify the progression and course of changes in cognitive functioning (i.e., improvement or decline), which can be of interest for certain disorders.

  • A neuropsychological evaluation can also be a critical element in the process of disability determination, or for forensic (legal) purposes.

  • Additionally, neuropsychological evaluations may result in a referral to other specialists such as educational/learning intervention specialists, neurologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, as well as various Federal, State and Local social services/programs. 


When is a neuropsychological evaluation needed? 

A neuropsychological evaluation is indicated when impairment in cognitive, behavioral, and/or emotional functioning is suspected. Referrals are usually made to rule out a particular condition(s) and/or to describe their impact on a person’s functioning:

  • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

  • Stroke

  • Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias

  • Seizure Disorders

  • Medical Illnesses or Treatments

  • Effects of Toxic Chemicals or Chronic Substance Abuse 

  • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  • Psychiatric or Neuropsychiatric Disorders


Who is qualified to conduct a neuropsychological evaluation?

Neuropsychological evaluations should only be conducted by Clinical Neuropsychologists. Clinical Neuropsychologists are psychologists with expertise in the assessment of cognitive, emotional, and adaptive functioning, as well as the clinical interpretation of test findings, the generation of appropriate diagnoses, and the provision of treatment recommendations. Clinical Neuropsychologists specialize in the application of assessment and intervention principles based on the scientific study of human behavior across the lifespan as it relates to normal and abnormal functioning of the central nervous system.

Clinical Neuropsychologists should have a Doctoral-level education in Clinical or Educational Psychology from an accredited institution, followed by two years of specialized postdoctoral training in brain-behavior relationships and neuropsychological assessment.